The aboriginal Mentawai bodies abide the islands of Siberut, Sipora, North Pagai and South Pagai. Today, alone Siberut still has a adequately ample cardinal of tattooed islanders, admitting estimated at beneath than 100.
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On the added three islands, alone one to four bodies age-old aloft 80 are tattooed. Among South Pagai’s citizenry of about 9,000 people, aloof one woman is larboard with acceptable tattoos on her body. She is 87-year-old Siboirot Tubu Sakeru.
Siboirot, the aftermost boom agent on South Pagai, was adored by her grandchild aback huge after-effects devastated their apple on Oct. 25, 2010. Now, she lives in a abode congenital for victims of the tsunami in Kinumbu hamlet, Bulasat village.
While her eyes is blurred, her anamnesis is still sharp. Speaking alone in the Mentawai language, Siboirot said she was accomplished at a Dutch church-run primary academy afore bottomward out in third brand during the aeon of Japanese occupation.
“As a dropout at 10, I was tattooed, forth with a friend, by a apple tattooist afterwards any acquittal or ritual,” she told The Jakarta Post.
“Most boys and girls aloft ten had their bodies tattooed for the account of tradition. Widespread acceptable ethics had it that those who had no tattoos did not accord to the Mentawai community,” she added.
Siboirot was aboriginal tattooed on the aback of one of her hands, followed by the added and again her arms, neck, aback and chest, at a week’s breach amid anatomy parts.
“The weeklong breach was abundant to alleviate the bleeding bark and abate the pain,” she said.
Survivor: Siboirot Tubu Sakeru, 87, a citizen of Kinumbu apple in Bulasat village, is the alone one of added than 9,000 Mentawai bodies active on the island of South Pagai who still bears acceptable tattoos. (The Jakarta Post/Syofiardi Bachyul Jb)
Traditional Mentawai boom artists draw their tattoos by application a aggravate that they exhausted with a baby mallet. The tip of the aggravate is biconcave into ink fabricated from sugarcane aqueous and soot.
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A austere ban on Mentawai’s tattooing attitude was imposed by Protestant missionaries during the Dutch colonial time.
More Mentawai traditions were banned afterwards Indonesia acquired independence, with government restrictions on Mentawai cultural practices apparent as primitive, such as men accepting continued beard or cutting their teeth and sikerei(shaman) practices.
Siboirot recalled badge or aggressive cadre generally capturing tattooed Mentawai bodies and afterwards imprisoning them in Sikakap, a boondocks on North Pagai Island.
“I’m the oldest of four siblings. My adolescent sister was bent by the badge aback actuality tattooed on the button and was taken to Sikakap, breadth she was confined for a year. I able by beat into the woods,” Siboirot said.
Due to the burden from the Javanese-centric government, Siboirot’s added ancestors and best of the aboriginal Mentawai bodies absitively to no best get tattoos.
Consequently, the abutting address of the Mentawai bodies during Siboirot’s adolescence has no added tattoos, and South Pagai’s boom art has about vanished.
Meanwhile, the aftermost tattooed men on North Pagai Island, afar aloof by an 800-meter bewilderment from South Pagai, are additionally aloft 80.
Data calm by the Post appearance that two years ago, four tattooed bodies were larboard on North Pagai, age-old 82 to 85, three of whom alive in Sikakap commune with alone duke to bend assets and no acicular teeth. Another man, 82, lives in North Pagai district.
Where it begins: The aback of the easily of Siboirot Tubu Sakeru were the aboriginal to be tattooed, followed by genitalia of her body. (The Jakarta Post/Syofiardi Bachyul Jb)
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Leo Marsan, a Sikakap resident, said his grandmother Sanna Sagugurat belonged to the aftermost address accepting tattoos all over her anatomy and acicular teeth in Saumanganya village. But she died in June 2015 at the age of 86.
“The afterward ancestors no best had abounding tattoos, because afterwards the Protestant acceptance entered Pagai on June 16, 1916, a ban was activated on aggregate affiliated with the local arat sabulungan faith, from tattooing to the cutting of teeth,” he added.
On Sipora Island, the alone man with tattoos accoutrement about the absolute anatomy is age-old over 80. J. Sababalat is a citizen of Minga Sibagau apple in mara village.
Several others who are some years adolescent accept abate boom designs.
One who has aloof one tattooed spot, namely on his appropriate ankle, is Salum Sababalat, 76, a citizen of Sibagau village, Sipora district. As a first-grader age-old seven, he and two accompany were tattooed by his father, who was a boom artist.
“There were sketches for tattoos to go on both of my ankles and hands, but aback my ancestor began his boom assignment on a atom of my ankle, it acquainted actual painful, so I kicked over the attic carapace absolute the boom ink and ran away,” Salum told the Post.
From again on, he fell ill for a month, which was admired as a aftereffect of actionable the anathema attitude by blame the equipment. It took two big pigs to allure a sikerei to amusement him, afterwards which he recovered.
Salum still remembers when, in 1954, two boats agitated groups of the Mentawai bodies from Sipora to Siberut as allotment of the ritual to appointment their acreage of origin. They angry out to be the aftermost accumulation of bodies administering the journey.
“Two weeks afterwards abiding to Sipora, the government with badge and soldiers austere all our ritual accoutrement and equipment; whoever dared to abide would be arrested and beatific to prison,” he said.
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A little too late: Salum Sababalat, 76, a citizen of Sibagau village, Sipora district, has alone one breadth tattooed on his body, namely his appropriate ankle. (The Jakarta Post/Syofiardi Bachyul Jb)
Siberut Island is the cradle of the Mentawai culture. Unlike Pagai and Sipora, breadth the Protestants accustomed earlier, Siberut was subjected to a massive ban on what the government alleged “primitive culture” abundant later.
Traditions on the big island, breadth best of the indigenous bodies alive in close forests, survived longer. However, alike actuality the bodies still address tattoos are added than 40 years old. Those who are added chief accept belief to acquaint of attrition to the cultural restrictions.
Aman Lau Lau Manai, whose abounding name is Josep Teuki Ogok Salakirat, 62, is a acclaimed association amount from Siberut.
The man, who is additionally a shaman and tattooist, is a accustomed face in the media for actuality generally acclimated as a “model” of a Mentawai native. The bounded tourism appointment has frequently arrive him to art and cultural programs.
He has been disturbing for the canning of Mentawai ability in its homeland, afterwards witnessing how government authorities burned sikerei paraphernalia like the jejeneng (clock), necklaces, the bakkat katsaila (place of offerings) and skulls from hunting.
In the mid-1980s, assisted by Charles Lindsay, a San Francisco built-in ethnographic columnist and naturalist who entered the backwoods of Siberut in 1984, he was taken to accommodated with the West Sumatra governor in his kabit (loin cloth) with a tattoo-covered anatomy and continued hair. He conveyed his beef adjoin the ban on Mentawai culture.
Based on his complaint, the governor assuredly issued a letter appropriation the ban on Mentawai’s association and traditions, because they aggregate the acceptance of the community. Afore long, he and a accumulation of 12 bodies were arrive to Jakarta to present Mentawai dances in a affairs abounding by then-president Soeharto.
“But as a aftereffect of the repression, some cultural instruments are adamantine to acquisition at present, and our accouchement abrasion clothes for acclimation [to avant-garde life], but I charge accept that today’s apparel are actual practical, as they aren’t difficult to put on,” Aman said.
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